Review On Hostgator And Tips On Web Hosting Service

Well, this is a personal experience with Hostgator that i am sharing with you. And this is also the only product that i wrote in which i strongly think it is necessary in every web development. Without a hosting service, there won't be a need for web development. Seriously, there are just too many host services available on the internet. Each and everyone of their marketing strategy are strong and powerful. This means that they all seems to be reliable, supportive, trustworthy, etc. and etc. BECAUSE OF MARKETING. I did market research online for a week searching for good web hosting to get all my domain up and running. I nearly get trick by these advertisement they used. Here are some of the things i learn during my research and i would to share my tips on web hosting with you

  • Never trust a single source! Search for more information, most product online just seems too good to be true.
  • Never look at top 10 chart for web hosting. Most of them are owned by companies on the top 10 list
  • Never trust review blog. Blog that are dedicated to review products are not trustworthy, they are paid to do that! Status and facts that they provides doesn't really mean anything. Everything can be modify with Photoshop
  • Look for reliable sources. Sources that are supported by many people
  • Always look for the bad things people say about a company. Good thing are just everywhere online. Especially with marketing around
  • Listen to users who have experience with the services and check whether they are really using that service!
  • Do not trust even magazine which have many ads and good review. Most of them are paid to be even in magazine!
  • Ask question with their support. Ask everytime! This will help to ensure they really provides good support for all area. Don't just do it a single day!
  • Do not believe what you see. Find out yourself. Look for outside sources
  • List out all the good web hosting that you have found. Minimize them along the way.
  • Do not trust sources that other users cannot comment. You can try to look at blog that allows other users to comment to know more about the hosting
  • Look at the relevancy of the review by other people
  • Look at the site of the commenter who commented bad about the hosting services, you may be surprise that they are actually the competitors from other hosting site. This happened to blogs review most of the time
  • Checkout the duration of the reviewer with the service
  • Look at each web hosting service company total hosted domains
  • Always look at the rule and regulation VERY carefully
  • New Hosting company always has all the good things since its new but it will gets horrible in the long run
  • Find reputation company
  • Seems like everything is bad. But its the truth! You can only trust multiple review by users of that hosting services which is the only most reliable sources you can get

My list can goes on but i believe these are the most important ones. You can try finding how many people have been a victim on getting bad web hosting services. You might be surprise on the number of people there are. Try not to be one of them. Here are two site which i finally look upon with each and every good host services i have

Please look at the comment given by the users. Although these can be tempered with but it is more reliable than those that do not allow others to review them. Enough of tips of finding good hosting. Its time for the review of Hostgator

Review of Hostgator

Here are the reasons that i find you should host your website with Hostgator.

Excellent Support

I am a missing bird on the internet without any friends or guidance from anyone so i ask a lot of question. And they are 24/7/365 Upgraded Support. If you don't believe Hostgator provides excellent support you can always try and look at my chat transcript with their operator Son at first,

Welcome to GatorChat!
You are being connected to a representative in our 'Sales' department right now.

For immediate answers to your questions, check out our knowledge base and video tutorials at

(11:43:07 PM) System: There currently are 0 people in front of you.
There are currently 25 chat technicians assisting customers.
(11:43:18 PM) System: There currently are 0 people in front of you.
There are currently 25 chat technicians assisting customers.
(11:43:21 PM) Son Le: has entered the chat.
(11:43:22 PM) Son Le: Hello, welcome to HostGator Live Chat.
(11:43:22 PM) Son Le: How may I assist you today?
(11:43:28 PM) Clay: Hi Son
(11:43:31 PM) Son Le: Hello Clay.
(11:43:47 PM) Clay: I am interested with your Business web hosting plan but i have some question and hope you can assist me
(11:43:53 PM) Son Le: Sure.
(11:44:41 PM) Clay: May i know what is the speed of the server on the Business plan?
(11:44:48 PM) Clay: as in bandwidth speed
(11:45:16 PM) Son Le: Speed on all servers is 100mbps both up and down.
(11:45:59 PM) Clay: shared or dedicated?
(11:46:15 PM) Son Le: It's shared.
(11:46:27 PM) Clay: should be alright
(11:46:34 PM) Clay: how about backup
(11:46:42 PM) Son Le: We run backup every Sunday.
(11:46:45 PM) Clay: do Hostgator backup files in the server for each account?
(11:47:01 PM) Son Le: Yes.
(11:47:05 PM) Clay: so we can request Hostgator to recover for us right?
(11:47:11 PM) Son Le: Correct.
(11:47:27 PM) Clay: How long does it take for recovering the data back to the account?
(11:48:06 PM) Son Le: I'm sorry I don't have ETA but it depends on the ticket que at the time you request.
(11:48:24 PM) Son Le: But it should be very quick.
(11:48:29 PM) Son Le: The restore que usually low.
(11:48:31 PM) Clay: oh alright
(11:49:10 PM) Clay: So is Hostgator server secure enough? what kind of security measure are we talking here?
(11:50:14 PM) Son Le: I'm pretty sure our server very secure. We monitor the servers 24/7.
(11:50:35 PM) Clay: hmm..alright
(11:50:47 PM) Clay: that's good for supporting businesses
(11:50:55 PM) Clay: i notice there isn't any SFTP
(11:51:00 PM) Clay: does Hostgator support SFTP?
(11:51:31 PM) Son Le: We have mod_security install, /tmp secured, firewall with inbound/outbound, and others bruteforce detection.
(11:51:52 PM) Son Le: SFTP is support.
(11:52:00 PM) Clay: wow. that's great!
(11:52:19 PM) Clay: on the backup section in the control panel of the demo
(11:52:34 PM) Clay: i notice we can manually backup the files, can we schedule them as well?
(11:52:53 PM) Clay: so that it automatically backup every particular day and send to our email?
(11:53:02 PM) Son Le: I'm sorry not for now.
(11:53:14 PM) Clay: oh
(11:53:33 PM) Clay: but should be alright you guys are doing automatic backup anyway
(11:53:39 PM) Clay: last few question
(11:53:59 PM) Clay: in the demo control panel i notice a few things i'm not quite sure..
(11:54:19 PM) Clay: what's processes running? what if it reaches 25/25?
(11:54:52 PM) Son Le: Once in a while you can go to Backup section and click on "Download or Generate a Full Web Site Backup" and logoff. It will do the backup and when it done, it will send notification email.
(11:55:41 PM) Clay: oh that's good. so i won't have to wait for it to complete? it will automatically send an email to me and inform me? i just have to click 1 button?
(11:55:49 PM) Son Le: After it reach 25 processes, your site will be showing error "Internal server error".
(11:55:54 PM) Son Le: Right.
(11:56:09 PM) Clay: Internal server error >< "
(11:56:13 PM) Clay: then what happen?
(11:56:50 PM) Son Le: You will have to optimize your site or move to dedicated server because your site is too big to handle by shared server.
(11:57:02 PM) Clay: oh..
(11:57:34 PM) Clay: if i host 40 website will it reach 25 although all 40 are optimize?
(11:58:01 PM) Son Le: It depends on how many visitors your sites have and how well your script perform.
(11:58:33 PM) Clay: is the moving of dedicate server difficult?
(11:58:48 PM) Clay: all my data will be lost? will Hostgator help to move them for me?
(11:59:22 PM) Son Le: Yes we will move the data for you if you purchase our dedicated server.
(12:00:04 AM) Clay: how about CPU Usage and Memory usage? 25%? what happen went it blow up to 25%?
(12:00:44 AM) Son Le: If your site exceed the resources usage of 25% more than 90 seconds, your account will get suspended and you will be notified by our security team.
(12:01:53 AM) Clay: suspend for how long may i ask?
(12:02:05 AM) Son Le: Until you reply to the email.
(12:02:23 AM) Clay: so once i reply the email it will be resume :D
(12:02:30 AM) Son Le: Yes.
(12:02:36 AM) Clay: i see!
(12:02:42 AM) Clay: one last 1
(12:02:46 AM) Clay: how about Inodes?
(12:02:51 AM) Clay: what's that
(12:03:01 AM) Clay: and what will happen when its over 250 000?
(12:03:10 AM) Son Le: Inodes is the number of files, folders, emails you have on the server.
(12:03:27 AM) Son Le: The use of more than 250,000 inodes on any shared account may potentially result in a warning first, and if no action is taken future suspension. Accounts found to be exceeding the 50,000 inode limit will automatically be removed from our backup system to avoid over-usage. Every file (a webpage, image file, email, etc) on your account uses up 1 inode.
(12:03:48 AM) Son Le: We will recommend that you upgrade or clear out your email boxes.

i got disconnected and went to support again, now its Herbert

(12:10:31 AM)  Herbert Cr: has entered the chat.
(12:10:35 AM) Herbert Cr: Welcome to HostGator Live Chat.
(12:10:39 AM) Herbert Cr: How may I assist you today?
(12:10:41 AM) Clay: Hi Herbert
(12:10:45 AM) Herbert Cr: Hi Clay
(12:11:03 AM) Clay: i was chatting with Son just now and something went wrong
(12:11:15 AM) Clay: i was asking him 250 000 node is around how much disk space
(12:11:42 AM) Herbert Cr: disk space isn't a factor there
(12:11:59 AM) Herbert Cr: as INODE can be anything from 512 bytes to 2 gigs
(12:12:16 AM) Clay: its the number of files but not the size?
(12:12:19 AM) Herbert Cr: or larger just depend on the disk it is on.
(12:12:25 AM) Herbert Cr: correct
(12:12:35 AM) Clay: oh i see!
(12:12:42 AM) Clay: that's explain
(12:13:14 AM) Clay: 250 000 inodes is equal to 250 000 file, folder, email in the server?
(12:13:41 AM) Herbert Cr: correct 250,000 files or email or folders or web pages
(12:14:12 AM) Clay: i see!
(12:14:36 AM) Herbert Cr: after you cross the 50,000 mark you are at risk as the backup stops for everything but the database.
(12:15:23 AM) Clay: i notice tha there is an initial order 20% by placing certain code
(12:15:44 AM) Clay: will i be entitle this after my member with Hostgator is over?
(12:15:47 AM) Herbert Cr: yes the coupon
(12:16:13 AM) Herbert Cr: the coupon is good on the first payment
(12:16:37 AM) Herbert Cr: seems to be Beach until Sep 1
(12:17:10 AM) Clay: so after 3 years of member can i use the latest code at that time to receive 20% discount again?
(12:17:39 AM) Herbert Cr: if it is a new package you are signing up for
(12:18:16 AM) Clay: i was asking about the business web hosting plan
(12:18:21 AM) Clay: so i was thinking
(12:18:51 AM) Clay: if i sign up for 3 years for 12.95 per month
(12:18:55 AM) Clay: after 3 years
(12:19:04 AM) Clay: what is the price of the plan again?
(12:20:29 AM) Herbert Cr: it will be 466.20 no discount on renew
(12:20:49 AM) Clay: 466.20 for a month?
(12:21:06 AM) Herbert Cr: it is for the 36 months
(12:21:13 AM) Herbert Cr: 3 years
(12:21:42 AM) Clay: so it will be 12.95 per month again if i sign up another 3 year right?
(12:22:47 AM) Herbert Cr: correct
(12:23:13 AM) Clay: i see
(12:23:31 AM) Clay: so for other plans
(12:23:46 AM) Clay: what is the differences between Dedicated IP and no dedicated IP?
(12:24:04 AM) Herbert Cr: share IP lots of other domains are on it.
(12:24:41 AM) Clay: so what will happen if there are other domains on a shared IP compared to a dedicated one?
(12:28:24 AM) Herbert Cr: nothing will happen the dedicated has the advantage of less traffic on the IP
(12:28:57 AM) Clay: i see.
(12:29:19 AM) Clay: the business plan seems to provides a free SSL
(12:29:40 AM) Clay: may i know what certificate it is providing?
(12:30:54 AM) Herbert Cr: Positive SSL from Comodo is the one that comes on the business package
(12:31:14 AM) Clay: i see!
(12:31:27 AM) Clay: Thanks Herbert that's all of my question
(12:31:29 AM) Herbert Cr: Differences:

1. Instant SSL can authenticate (verify) your domain's WHOIS information, but Positive SSL can only authenticate the domain name.
2. Instant SSL comes with Comodo Warranty, but Positive SSL does not.
(12:31:45 AM) Herbert Cr: Okay, take care and have a great day!
(12:31:54 AM) Clay: oh that's a great information there
(12:31:56 AM) Clay: thank again
(12:32:04 AM) Herbert Cr: You're welcome!
(12:32:11 AM) Herbert Cr: and have a great day!
(12:32:17 AM) Clay: You too!

Well, i contact them several times and this is just one of them. Most of the time i will rank them quite highly after a support. They allows you complain or rank their support after an online conversation. I contacted them almost anything and they are cool enough to share with me what they know about the issues.

45 Day Money Back Guarantee

Many offer such services but if you did your research, there are also many who delay the refund. But Hostgator are cool enough to return your money if you are not pleased with their services.

Discount Coupon

They offer 20% discount coupon EVERY SINGLE TIME so try not to miss this out. If you are signing up to Hostgator , be sure to grab their 20% code to be placed into your order form to receive this discount. It really help save a lot for long term sign up.

Host Your Website For 1 Cent

What's more? The baby plane for Hostgator cost you ONLY 1 CENT! No kidding but it's only for the first month. Great for experiencing your hosting with Hostgator . For most existing users, we might all know this. During your sign up with Hostgator, just write in '404PAGE' into the coupon code.

Other Special Coupon Codes

Here are some other codes offer you can try.

Reliable Uptime

If you are regular on, do you ever see this site went down before? I spend almost all of my time on this site and never seen it went down. I can personally guarantee that Hostgator is Reliable. Hostgator themselves also guarantee a 99% uptime which is trustworthy for me.

Upload and Download Speed

Other than my internet speed suck sometimes because of my country internet provider, i do not see any speed problem uploading and downloading contents to my site. No issue at all.

Hostgator controls usage

In case you are not aware, web hosting usually are shared hosting plan. This means that a server is shared among multiple users. Some control should be implemented. This can be bad for some people who uses very large bandwidth for streaming or download server but great for many others users in Hostgator (web hosting is to host website and not for other type of server). Hostgator has control over these so that each account is responsible enough not to hog up all the resources towards their account and affect other account website within the server. Personally as a developer i think this is great for majority users out there who are going to host their site with Hostgator .

Unlimited Space and Bandwidth

Many website provides unlimited space and bandwidth but its always unreliable since they do not have control for each account and allows other accounts to abuse the server which affect other account greatly to the extend that other website will not load. But Hostgator takes care of this and ensure reliable speed and the space is really unlimited (but you won't want to store your stuff in there, trust me i will explain why later). The actual speed can be seen on the conversation i posted above with the operator.

Many Satisfy Customers

Search around the internet, you will find most of Hostgator users are pleased with their services. But i can't really tell you they are pleased. Search around the internet or use the link i provided above. You will find many good testimonials. I am one of them of course. Here are some of them from the site i suggested which people voted more relevant.


One of the largest web hosting service on the internet

There are over 2,200,000 domains hosted on Hostgator currently. Many people trusted Hostgator services, it was also one of the criteria i looked when during my research.
You can also look at Web Hosting Top for their statistic of domains per month.

Everything is available

We technical people look at whether they have all the required web development application and other network related issues on the server. Hostgator seems to have all the required languages ready to be used. Statistic,log,ftp,sftp, etc. are all available on their control panel.

Regular Backup

They also helps you to backup your files regularly as seen on my conversation with their operator. It will only stop backup once you have exceed a certain potion of your usage. Nonetheless, you can still backup yourself manually and allow them to send it to your gmail when they are ready. (this is done with a click) Although it will stop auto backup for you, you still have the unlimited storage to use.

Excellent Forum

They have a excellent forum that can assist you with all your needs. If you don't feel like visiting their 24 hours support channel, you may like to post your enquiry on the forum for their moderator to help you. You can visit their forum and check each and every post for certain responds from their moderator.

Hostgator Do Poorly Too!

Enough of Good things about Hostgator, let's look at the things they do fairly.

Average Web builder

Well, the free web builder are great for beginners who have absolutely no knowledge of building website. However, for developers and designers you will agree with me that you might not want to use this service.

Apply For certain services

In Hostgator, you will have to submit ticket to request these services to be activated in your account even though it might be free.

  • SSH Request
  • SSL Request
  • Site Builder/Site Studio Request

These are what i requested but here are the overall list.

Disable Directory index

You will have to inquire the support to assist you to disable directory index in PHP. This way, users will not be able to access your sub directory using the URL. I think this should be done automatically.


Pricing was a major issue for me while searching for a web hosting service. But definitely reliability is marked first as i won't want my users to be unabled to access my website and leave. It will be bad for my business reputation. Although i sign up with Hostgator but i still feel that the pricing is a bit higher than other hosting services. Nonetheless, its worth it at the end of the day. (unless they suddenly give me downtime. RAWR!)


Many people complains on Hostgator reseller service. You might want to look out for this if you are thinking of getting a reseller package. I personally cannot comment on this.


This is really IMPORTANT for my business if i were to join Hostgator. People has been complaining on their Email services previously, but currently this has been resolved! Well, i haven't had any problem with it.

Rule and Regulation

Well, i do not believe this is being done poorly by Hostgator . It just that people don't tend to read what they are signing up for. May be this can be placed somewhere better for people to notice. eg. highlight certain words with red.

CPU Usage

Well, in Hostgator your site might get locked up if it takes up too much resources. This means that your site won't be accessible and the representative will send you an email to request you to fix it before enable your site to run on the server again. The good thing about this part is other website will not be affected by you. The bad thing is your site is unable to access. In case you have no idea what i am talking about here is a picture of the panel that might explain.
Basically, your site cannot exceed the limit of 25% of resources usage. Here, you might think 'what the hell! It won't be enough'. But its really will be MORE THAN ENOUGH for a few hundred site running at the same time. It will most likely exceed this limit when one of your site is performing tricks that will go into infinity loop or just takes more than 90 second to run. Pure inefficient, you should definitely look into it. development always bring the danger of entering into these categories. Getting locked is not fun. (may be i'm just very demanding)


Their customer support were great! But there are some operators that i notice are not very technical. They will then provide you with standard answers like its written in a cook book. May be the cook book answer fit you well and they manage to solve your problem but what if it doesn't? This is when we have to submit support ticket or enquire the forum for better more technical people to assist us. BUT i like this,

Every web hosting plan comes with a 45 day money back guarantee, 99.9% uptime guarantee, and is fully guaranteed by the owner himself. If you ever have a problem with regular support just ask that your ticket be assigned to Brent and he will personally take the time to give you the VIP attention that you deserve.


I was aiming to look for a hosting for business purposes that are reliable, secure and can support my business. I ended up signing up with Hostgator and was very happy with it which i believe my experiences should be shared to people out there. But if you are thinking of hosting something illegal or pornographical, don't try Hostgator you will surely make a lot of noise. On the other hand, there are no unlimited resources in web hosting services. In Hostgator, the unlimited is being limited by cpu, memory and processor. So you can say that you have unlimited bandwidth and disk space but if your traffic reaches 1 million unique users, your cpu and other resources will still peak and you would have to change to a more expensive plan. Solution is to use third party services and integrate them to all of your site. This way, you can use all the unlimited things in the package while the resources will not depreciate so quickly. If i miss up anything, inform me i will write it up here.

Other than all the things above, i believe most of the users of Hostgator will have other feedbacks on their experiences with them.

Understanding Preloading For Web Components

We heard preloading almost every time! But do you really understand what is preloading and how does preloading actually work? In this article, we will talk about preloading and how it should and can be use.

What is Preloading

Most of us will know but there are many that are unclear. Preloading is an action that will load components which are not visible available to the users. This means that any component that are already in the HTML document will be loaded and preloading doesn't help speeding up these components. What we would like to preload are those components that do not resist within the document and components for future pages.

Why Preload component

Why do we want to preload a component if it doesn't help speeding up the existing components on the HTML document?! Simple, let's say we have a gallery which has the following code in our document

<img src='example.jpg'/>

compare to document that has these codes

<img src='example.jpg'/>
<img src='example1.jpg'/>
<img src='example2.jpg'/>
<img src='example3.jpg'/>
<img src='example4.jpg'/>
<img src='example5.jpg'/>
<img src='example6.jpg'/>

Assuming each image in these example are 800kb in size (If you have a script that wait for an onload event to occurs, i wonder when will the script start running). It will be obvious which one will finish first (the first example). So your user gets to see the result like less than 1 minute. The sub sequence images will be preload into the document while the user is still viewing the first one. Thus, clicking the next button will show a loading in progress or immediately displayed the second image depending on how you construct your script to accomplish this.

Although we didn't speed up the image loading time but we manage to speed up the overall waiting time for the whole page to be display completely. Thus, preloading allows us to practice 'load only when needed' concept. This means that those that are not going to display first should be loaded last and allow the page to be fully loaded before their turn is up to run.

If you have very big file size page, it will serve as a notification to the users that the site is loading. On the other hand, preloading allows you to cache them onto the user browser for better responsiveness. (although there are disadvantages of doing this too) This way, sub sequence pages will have better 'speed'.

What component can be preloaded?

Basically you will want these components to be preloaded first since they usually take up the most loading time.

  • Images files
  • Flash files
  • Sound files

There are not much reason to preload other type of document unless they are very big in size. Most document are small enough to load within a few seconds but the one mention above are usually the one we are concern with during web development.

What are the methods for preloading

This depend on which components are you trying to preload. There are all sort of ways to preload certain components such as JavaScript, ActionScript, CSS, Ajax or HTML tag. So depend on which one are you trying to preload and what are you trying to accomplish. Flash files will most likely be ActionScript. For Images, people tend to use CSS, JavaScript for caching and Ajax for preloading with loading image. While sound files will be using embed tag.

How Preloading work

In a way, preloading can be describe as work behind the scene. Basically, the user will not be able to notice. But different way of preloading work differently,


In CSS, the objective is to hide those component you want to preload. And you might want it to be placed at the last row in your HTML document (means it will load only all relevant component has loaded). Methods used are usually,

  1. Visibility: hidden
  2. display: none
  3. width:0px;height:0px;
  4. top: -99999px; or left: -999999px

The objective is to hide it so that it will store in the cache.


In JavaScript, we used the image object. (this method can also be used to preload flash files into the cache)

var obj = new Image();
obj.src = 'test.jpg';

This way it will preload the images for sub sequence pages as the images are cached. This method can also be used to produce loading image before applying the following code

document.getElementById('container').innerHTML = '<img src='test.jpg/>';


Ajax let the server script to load the image page, cached and send it back to the document for display.

function preload(url) {
  // display loading image
  // send the url to be open on the server side. hence, cached.
  document.getElementById('loading').style.visibility = 'visible';
  document.getElementById('container').innerHTML = '';
  var obj =  new XMLHttpRequest();'GET', url, true);

  obj.onreadystatechange = function() {		
    if (obj.readyState == 4 && obj.status == 200) {
      // once cached, we hide the loading image and display the content
      if (obj.responseText) {
        document.getElementById('container').innerHTML = '<img src=''+url+''/>';
        document.getElementById('loading').style.visibility = 'hidden';

During the request, we can display a loading in progress image until the new image has loaded. However, this doesn't seems to work on IE 7. (this is shown later on demo section)

HTML tag

This is usually used for sound files.

<EMBED NAME='mySound' SRC='mySound.mid' 

Action Script

If you are interested, here is a video.

The Demonstration

i will demonstrate using Ajax which the code has been written above. Please click the image to see the loading. Here are the files and demo

40 Important Check Up On Your Web Development For Better User Experience

Many developers and designers nowadays may not be aware of how important a responsive and better user experience can determine a good and a poor website. Having good coding practice and efficient use of built in methods are important but there are more than just these. This is a practical check list for an optimized website that should be practice during your web development for faster and better user experiences. Please take note that some of the point listed here may contradict the practice of a good SEO friendly site.

1. Compressed JavaScript and CSS

I will say this is the basic thing that most web developer will be well aware of. The benefit to do this is so that your user will not have to wait the extra few second for your page to be loaded due to the extra kb that were not optimal on your JavaScript and CSS files. This actually makes a difference when your users are running a slow connection.

2. Use Cache-Control header

Since web pages are getting more and more richer which means more images, script, flash, content and etc.,  caching your site is the best way to experience faster respond time for your users. A first time user may have to make more HTTP request, but subsequent page visits will definitely reduce the number of HTTP request making your site feel faster. There are three way of caching,

1.      Via <meta> tags (<meta http-equiv="Expires"...>)

2.      Programmatically by setting HTTP headers (CGI scripts etc.)

3.      Through web server configuration files (httpd.conf)

And for good practice, static page should implement a 'Never expire' policy since its static, there won't be much changes on it. Additional, dynamic components will use Cache-Control header to help browser with conditional requests.

3. Check for orphaned files and missing images

Missing files are problematic because they result in error messages. In a way, it is great to have error message displayed because it's informative but in terms of speed optimization for web pages, they have a larger disadvantage. The reason is when the browser is looking for any missing item in your site; it is consuming resources which slower down page processing. So check all those links on your site and you won't need to have any error message to began with.

4. Use a content-distribution network

A content delivery network (CDN) is a great way to improve download times for your static images or heavy loaded files as CNS is a collection of web servers distributed across multiple locations to deliver content more efficiently to users. The server selected for delivering content to a specific user is based on the approximation of the network load. For example, the server with the fewest network hops or the server with the quickest response time is chosen.

The other advantage of CDNs is that they are separate domain. So what if it is a separate domain? Well, you might not know that your browser do limit the number of concurrent connection to a single domain whenever a page loads which delay other stuff on your page from loading concurrently. But your browser is capable of opening up a new thread to other domain and by using CDNs, you get the benefit of concurrent download of your site material. P.S you may want to host your JavaScript framework library with Google.

5. Content First

This is a practice for web development that you should consider having. Always load the content first follow by other assets of your web site. The reason is those users are not really interested in all your banners and footer stuff that you are going to show to them. They are there for your content. Therefore, display those first! This can be done by placing your content block (the div of the content) right after the body tag. This way, it will display the content first follow by other necessary things in your site. This also promotes better SEO crawling.

6. StyleSheet top, Script bottom

Top means on the header while bottom means right before the closing body tag. For better user experience, showing them display will most likely gain a better respond. Script will be at the bottom because they are most likely not as important as content and navigation bar. Unless your site cannot live without JavaScript which you shouldn't than it can be on the top. (The reason why JavaScript should not be so dependent is because of security issue of XSS where most users will use tools such as NoScript from Firefox to protect themselves against hackers)

7. External JavaScript and CSS

If you are still wondering whether Inline is better or external file is better than go with external file. The core benefit is external files will be cached by the browser and lesser HTTP request needed in subsequence page visit. On the other hand, Inline on the page will just make life difficult for the developers to maintain and required more HTTP request since main HTML files are always being requested.

8.  Avoid Redirect

Redirect slow down user experience. This is simple to explain why, imagine yourself being redirect by the page. The page that you just went in rendered nothing which means you has to wait for the actual HTML file to arrive.  After the page has arrived, it is being rendered again. How much time has this process wasted?

9. Use trailing slash.

This is something important you should be aware of. With and without slash at the back of the URL does make a differences in term of speed. Unless it is an extension type if you do not include a trailing slash at the back it will slow the process. For example,

We will not have to add trailer for the below example

But if this does not have a trailing slash,

What happen behind the scenes is that a 404 Error has been generated and a redirect is performed which causes a large amount of resources wasted. Most developers are not aware of such problem when dealing with URLs.

10. Make favicon.ico Small and Cacheable

The favicon.ico is an image that stays in the root of your server. It's a necessary evil because even if you don't care about it the browser will still request it, so it's better not to respond with a 404 Not Found. Also since it's on the same server, cookies are sent every time it's requested. This image also interferes with the download sequence, for example in IE when you request extra components in the onload, the favicon will be downloaded before these extra components.

So to mitigate the drawbacks of having a favicon.ico make sure:

  • It's small, preferably under 1K.
  • Set Expires header with what you feel comfortable (since you cannot rename it if you decide to change it). You can probably safely set the Expires header a few months in the future. You can check the last modified date of your current favicon.ico to make an informed decision.

11. Gzip Compression

Compression reduces response times by reducing the size of the HTTP response which there is a better article that explain Gzip and how to setup it on

12. Remove Duplicate Scripts

Everyone should know duplicate script means doing extra stuff which is bad.  It will cause multiple HTTP request and slow your web response.  If your site did not have caching ability, this means double the work for HTTP request as each subsequence page means repeating request

13.  Flush Browser Buffer Early

This means that you should send your partially ready HTML response to your browser so that it can start fetching components while the backend is busy with the rest of the HTML page. In PHP, there is a function flush() which can be use and placed after the close html tag and opening body tag. This helps to display your page concurrently making your user feel the responsiveness from your site.

14. Use GET for AJAX Requests

Unless you are sending data to be stored on the server, it is best to use GET method.  POST required 2 steps that is to send the header first (details for server) then the data. On the other hand, GET only required one TCP packet to be send but have a maximum length of 2k in IE so it's a 2K limit for all browser since your application should be cross browser compatibility. So GET is meant for retrieving information while POST is meant for sending data easy right?

15. Preload Components

Preload takes advance of the browser when it is in idle state. Since it is not doing anything, might as well preload some images to store in cache for the following pages. Usually you would want to have this function to speed up your overall site to allow your user to experience better responsiveness when moving towards other subsequence pages.

16. Reduce the Number of DOM Elements

A complex page means more bytes to download and it also means slower DOM access in JavaScript. And if you are using jQuery, this is definitely something you should be aware of. It makes a difference if you loop through 300 or 3000 DOM elements on the page. A simple test can be done on Firebug's console by writing the following code


17. Minimize the Number of iframes

It is costly to run a iframes in a browser even if it render a blank page. The costly here means that if the page is loading two sites at one time, its like there are another site that is fighting with your site for resources to be rendered out to the page.

18. Reduce Cookie Size

Cookie is exchanged in the HTTP headers between web server and browser. Thus, it is important to keep the size small as larger cookie takes longer to download. It is best to remove unnecessary cookies and be mindful of setting the appropriate domain level so that sub-domain is not affected.

19. Minimize DOM Access

Accessing DOM elements with JavaScript is slow so in order to have a more responsive page, you should:

  • Cache references to accessed elements
  • Update nodes "offline" and then add them to the tree
  • Avoid fixing layout with JavaScript

20. Don't use images to represent text

Image takes longer to load and you won't want your user to guess where is the navigation bar when the image takes too long to load. Always use text as it is faster and less heavy than image. Furthermore, it is good for SEO as search engine spider recognize text instead of image.

21. Choose <link> over @import

Since we want better responsiveness for our user from our website, we placed our CSS tag on the top of the page. But if you use @import instead of <link>, IE will behave as if the <link> is placed at the bottom of the page so it is best not to use @import.

22. Develop Smart Event Handlers

Instead of attaching many event handlers to each element, we use event delegation and event bubble which only attach a single handler to the parent. Let's say you have many buttons inside a div, attach only one event handler to the div wrapper, instead of one handler for each button. Events bubble up so you'll be able to catch the event and figure out which button it originated from. This helps speed up your overall code and makes your JavaScript more responsive.

23. Gracefully degrading

Ensure that your web design enable gracefully degrading which means that your design should do it in a way that allow older browsers to be used or letting users disable particular features, can "step down" to a method that still allows access to the basic content of the site, though perhaps not as snazzy in appearance.

24. Optimize Images

This is quite clear cut. Always optimize your image so that your pages load faster. Although images are the last one to be render. It is still equally important that your site load faster.

25. Post-load Component

Not all scripts or elements are necessary. Post-load component means postpone the loading to a later point of time. An example will be an image gallery, allowing the smaller image to be loaded up first as they are smaller and post-load all larger image. This way, user will get to see all the images which provide a better user experience.  All necessary things to render the page should be loaded and all other not so important element shall be post loaded. Since browser has a limitation on the number of files retrieve per domain, it is best for it to retrieve all the important things first.

26. Never Scale Images in HTML

If your image is size 10 render it as size 10. Scaling it on the browser will not only damage the overall display of your site. It also required more processing power from the browser which in reason in slower rendering of your website.

27. Avoid Filters

If you are using AlphaImageLoader filter to fix a problem with semi-transparent true color PNGs on earlier version of IE 7. Then you should stop as it blocks rendering and freeze the browser while the image is being downloaded.

28. HTML advertisements.

If you display advertisements on your website, you may notice a decrease in load speed if you are using JavaScript ads. Consider opting for HTML ads instead.

29. Use the PNG format for images

PNG image files are smaller and render better. Furthermore, quality is better in compare to gif and jpeg. Of course, PNG image also has its own disadvantages.

30. Error Free

Ensure that both JavaScript and CSS contain no or minimum error. So that the browser will not have to do additional stuff due to some error occurs in your code.

31. Remove anything you don't need

Especially in JavaScript and CSS. Often there are extra lines of code that are redundant.  It is best to check!

32. Use Shorthand Notation.

If you don't practice this in CSS, I think you better should as shorthand notation is another way of optimizing CSS files.

33. Tile your backgrounds

Using a small background image and make it repeats in x and y axis will help reduce a lot of download times which make your website render faster.

34. Opt for CSS rollovers

If you are a pure programmer and meet JavaScript framework, you will most likely write your animation on your element. It is best to use what is already in the browser than trying to recreate something that is available. Use CSS hover method instead which reduce both JavaScript and CSS code!

35. Use CSS instead of tables for layout

Using table to layout your site have many disadvantages over layout with CSS. The most obvious one is that there is more HTML element on your page which increases both download and render work. The other disadvantage is the difficulty of maintenance by human being. Trust me I have been there before.

36. Consistency

Write your HTML element in lower case. Browser is not very smart when they differentiate between  

.  Keep things simple for them and they will do things faster for you.  This is especially for the case when you are using Gzip to compress your files on point 11. Those compression schemas are not written to cleverly determine the differences; it takes additional time for it to realize they are similar.

37. Load JavaScript and CSS files on demand

This is another good way of controlling the necessary element to feed to the browser for rendering the website. CSS and JavaScript is being break down into small parts and called when necessary.

38. Optimize calls to database

In Web2.0, Ajax calls are so common nowadays but if your query is so long and heavy your page rendering work will be VERY long. If you are sending 2-3 million of data from your database to the browser, it will take n-minutes to load or it might not even load. So be mindful on the limit of the browser and the call you made to your database.

39. Optimize CSS Sprites

Instead of using multiple images for navigation menu, we will just use 1 master image and perform CSS sprites. A list Apart has a great article on this. This way we will just need 1 HTTP request instead of n-image request.

40. Avoid CSS Expression

The reason why CSS Expression should be avoided is because not many people are aware that the CSS expression is evaluated more often than you expected. The CSS Expression doesn't just evaluate a single time. It evaluate during rendered and resize and even during scrolling of the page and mouse over the page. A simple counter can be placed in the expression and you will know what I mean.

The key point is to minimize the amount of HTTP request to the server and minimize the size required for the browser to download the file. Although we are not able to control the external factor for a slow responsive site (bandwidth, cpu speed, etc.) but within our power we can still try to provide a better user experience for our user.  if you have anything to share with me with things that a developer or designer should be aware of for a faster and more responsive website. i will greatly appreciate your feedback.

Largest Collection Of Web based Tools to speed up your web development

If you are not using Firefox, you may lose out the advantages that Mozilla Firefox has provided for web developers. But this doesn't means that you must develop in Mozilla Firefox. Some people will prefer to develop their web application on some other browser instead on Mozilla Firefox especially when majority of the normal users are using Internet Explorer as their default browser. For Mozilla Firefox developers, there is a list of useful plugin that may be useful for you. Nonetheless, this article will also be equally interesting for your collection. Web based tools has become a powerful tool for many users nowadays not only developers and designers are using it but even normal users love it. In this article, i will share with you a list of web based tools which i personally keep. Hopefully, you can use it and speed up your own web development. Please take note that the 28 in the title is the initial release of tools i have, this post will be updated with more web based tools in the future. If anyone suggested something good for web based tools or i found any, i will update this list again. I believe this will be the largest collection of web based tools on the internet which is consistently updated and maintained.



Koders a search engine that allows you to search for any codes not only PHP. There are many valuable source code available in Koders that you should be aware of. This is a must have link for your web development need! This will definitely speed up your development process.



This is also another must have link. gotAPI is another search engine that provides you with the essential API for your reference need.  It allows you to search for any methods or rule for that particular language. This is not only limited to the above picture shown on their website. They also provides API for frameworks and application language API such as C++, j2SE and lots more. MUST CHECK THIS OUT! This is a one stop reference need for your web development!



POG is a web based tool that automatically generates clean & tested Object Oriented code for your PHP4/PHP5 application. This way you won't have to repeatly generate all these codes manually whenever you want to start a new PHP class. It makes your backend web development quicker and more secure for beginner objecct oriental programmers in PHP.



This online editor gives you one best thing. Portable. Imagine you do not have to keep any codes and editor with you when you are outstation or your computer just breaks down? If you are a busy person who is required to handle both family and work. This maybe the thing you are looking for. It allows you to code anywhere and definitely speed up your web development and secure your coding copies.



Compressor rater compress your javascript and rate those compressing algorithm in each library such as YUI compressor, gzip, etc.. This is useful to compress your javascript codes with more than 1 library and get the smallest site to optimal your website load time. It provides you with the duration and the amount of size reduced by the library. This means that no matter what, there will always be one library out there that can compress and optimize your complex javascript codes. Optimize your web development now!

Javascript Regular Expression Validator


Need a JavaScript validator for your regular expression? Try this site. Other than validation, it also provides you with useful library and resources for you to work with regular expression.

Javascript beautifier


This is not something really impressive about but its something i need. Especially when I'm writing tutorials to share as i tend to write my codes in 1 straight line without break,this web based JavaScript application helps organize my code neatly so that my visitor can read and understand. Definitely a useful JavaScript organizer for my web development need.

JavaScript Regex Generator


This is one of the kind. This helps simplify your brain and optimize your web development by generating regular expression for your pattern matching need.



JSBin is used to test your snippets of codes on the fly. Just paste all your codes into JSBin and debug your code in there.  You can save the snippets and share with others online. People can review and help you with this snippets URL you provide. However, if the URL is being left alone for 3 months without review by anyone, it will automatically be deleted from the server.



JSLint is one of the hardly see JavaScript online verifier. It verify your codes to see if there is any errors on your JavaScript. There are many features and settings that you can use to customize verification algorithms to suit your needs. If there is no debugging tools, you should use this.



Unlike many CSS compressor out there which may possible cause your CSS to break down, CleanCSS provides you with a 'only safe optimizing' option. It also provides many other related things other than optimizing and compressing. It helps you to format you CSS nicely for viewing purposes too. Other features include merge shorthand,sorting and etc.

CSS Redundancy Checker


Have many CSS rules and forgotten which one is useless? CSS Redundancy checker can help you! It helps you check which CSS rule is currently not in use and can be removed safely. Perfect stuff for optimize web development purposes.



This is something you may like if you are not a professional CSS coder and wish to understand the code written by certain code. Selectoracle translates your CSS rule set into pure English so that you could understand and improve your CSS skill. Definitely great stuff for people who just started or is interested in getting their CSS skill brush up.



A cross browser CSS web application. Tingelets are a set of bookmarklets that you can be placed in your browsers bookmark bar. When clicked, they highlight a certain tag or set of tags in a specific color or background tile. They are very handy for quickly looking at web layouts in different browsers. You can either highlight tags directly or type in a tag, id or class name to highlight the matching element(s). This tells you where have your dynamic content has disappeared to and it make tracing easier.


This is one of the tool you will only find one way either px to em or em to px. This web base tool provides both way!(finally)  It is extremely useful for you when dealing with css and dynamic effect. Finding the exact pixel or em will really save you a lot of time on web development

Conditional CSS


Don't wish to write weird symbols just to perform some hack that some browser cannot be detected? Use conditional CSS instead. It allows you to write CSS rule set in conditional if-else case. This way you can cater for all different browser need without losing readability of your CSS rule set.



Mozilla Firefox has webdeveloper addon extension for editing CSS on the fly. Other browser have CSSFly! CSSFly not only allows you to edit your CSS but also xHTML on real time to build up your template before throwing the CSS or xHTML code to your web server. Debugging has never been easier with CSSFly. This is one of the most useful web based application you should know when debugging any layout issues with other browsers.

Pingdom Tools


Pingdom test your web efficiency just like YSlow in Firefox, Unlike YSlow, it does not tell you what to improve. But with information on which page is rendering slowly, you should be able to improve your site in no time!

W3C CSS Validation


Unfortunately, CleanCSS does not have a validation service built-in for you. Before you use CLEANCSS, it is best to validate your CSS. What place more reliable than the old W3C Offical site CSS validation service?

W3C HTML Markup Validation


The official W3C HTML Markup validation service. When all fail, this is most reliable!



Using mobile phone for surfing purposes is getting more and more common nowadays. Ensuring that your site is also compatible to mobile web browser is equally important nowadays. mobiReady is a testing tool to evaluates mobile-readiness using industry best practices & standards. It provides you with a report and a in-depth analysis on how well your site performs on a mobile  device. Want to cater for mobile user? This web based tool is something you cannot miss.



WAVE is a free web accessibility evaluation tool. It helps you to check any broken link on your page and report back to you. As you know, even humans do not like broken links not to mention search engine spiders. It is important that you ensure that your site is free from broken links! There is also a Firefox addon for WAVE.



Browsershots is a web based tool that makes screen shots of your web design in different browsers. This way you will know whether your website is having problem with other older browsers that user might be using currently. It has many browser support and is able to test your site compatibility with different screen size. Excellent for testing your web development design!



WebWait work similar as PingDom, the differences is that webwait allows you to bring up a bookmark icon and benchmark any website you came across. If PingDom doesn't work for you, webwait will definitely serve you unconditionally.

test everything


This is a crazy web based tool. It basically allows you to test EVERYTHING. From SEO to Validation to quality, its everything. If you are not aware of this tool. You should visit them up and play with it. Its really interesting.



Unlike WAVE which is also a web accessibility testing tool, TAW is like an old man telling you and advicing you what you should not do and what you should have done on your site. In order to improve your site web accessibility.

Geotak Netrender


Ever wonder how will your website looks like when it goes way down to IE4.0? If you have like i do (which scare the hell out of me), you should visit this site.  It provides you with various version of Internet explorer for you to test your website. This web based tool helps verify your website compatibility with Internet Explorer.



Don't have a ftp application on the PC you are using right now? Use this web based ftp instead. It is very easy to use and allows you to ftp anywhere!

Update After initial Post

Total Validator


Total Validator is a free one-stop all-in-one validator comprising a HTML validator, an accessibility validator, a spelling validator, a broken links validator, and the ability to take screenshots with different browsers to see what your web pages really look like. Something impressive that i missed. This is something you must bookmark for your web development.



Some company web portal pages are just horrible. Looking at how the HTML is being written all over the place just give me headache. If you are like me, try HTML Tidy and it might just save your time on your web development.

Rockstar Apps


There are two application currently in Rockstar Apps that can definitely assist you on your web development need, Rockstar Optimizer and Web Profiler. RockStar Optimizer helps you optimize your website entirely by compressing, concatenating, rebuilding your CSS and JavaScript. On the other hand, Rockstar Web Profiler give you in deep information on your web application and site. Information such as the duration spend on server and client side, resources being used in a chart and etc. which is of course more powerful than most simple web based application. But you will have to register in order to use. It is a free service by Credit goes to Bob who suggested this amazing tools.

prettyprinter (27/04/2009)


This is a multi code beautifier! it can beautifier PHP, Java, C++, C, Perl, JavaScript, CSS in one box. This means that if you have multiple different languages in your code, this can be in great help when individual beautifier won't work. An example will be HTML+CSS+JavaScript page.

HTML2PDF converter (29/6/2009)


Tired getting on to website just to take a look at those web cheat sheet? This safe LOT's of time by converting all these cheatsheet on the web into pdf and save them into your local computer. Definitely make your life easier looking at cheat sheet instantly on the wall!

Strip Generator (29/6/2009)


i haven't found my love for this application yet. But this application help you create the perfect strip for your web design. Pretty easy and cool. Most designer will love this site.

URL2jpg (29/06/2009)


JavaScript CSS properties references (08/08/2009)

Don't know which element properties can be used while coding in JavaScript to style your document? This site provides you with all the necessary CSS properties references that can be used in JavaScript!

Don't want to change to pdf format? Change your cheatsheet to jpg format instead! Just place them into the url and convert them to a size selected and your web cheat sheet will instantly become an image for your wallpaper!

Color Suckr

Something necessary for your web designing process. This online tool helps you create a color scheme out of the image you use in your web design!

Aviary Screen Capture

This might be the next cross browser checking tools you will be using in the future. This is a screen capture tool but currently do not have the ability to capture screen with different browser yet. However, it is being implemented. We shall wait and see!


Hurl Overview from defunkt on Vimeo.

The video said it all. Other than just sending HTTP Request, there are, of course, other things that can be done with this tool.

Spoon Browser


An interesting web based tool that allows you to run different version of browser on your local disk without the necessary to install the standalone version. However, it does required you to install a plugin in order for all these to work. But you will be able to run different type and version of browser to test your web site. Pretty cool.

HTML Entity Character Lookup


This web based tools allows you to quickly search for any HTML entity character with just a few click. Something both Web developers and designers would really LOVE to have. This tools really help reduce time to search for a particular entity on Google!

Anything Else?

The above materials are arrange according to groups. Hope this is useful for you guys! Any other fine made web based tools that you are using for your web development and i'm not? Inform me about it!